Name this antique gardening tool

A friend lent me the antique tool shown in these photos. I’d been thinking about renting a rototiller to prepare three garden beds, but this thing tore through them way more easily than I could have done with a shovel, rake, hoe, or garden weasel. It’s really good at clawing up major weeds and clumps of sod.

Our question: What is this thing called? I looked through the catalog at It’s full of beet shovels, muck rakes, turnip grubbers, and barley forks, but I didn’t find anything that looks like this artfully blacksmithed and wickedly effective tool.

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34 thoughts on “Name this antique gardening tool

  1. I’ll try and take a stab at it. It’s a variation on a potato cultivator. Only instead of dragging it behind a big iron wheel and pusshing it with two handles, this one is mounted as a hand tool instead. It’s got the spade ends like your modern day potato cultivator.

  2. Just a long handled cultivator. I have a couple, not antiques. I guess it’s supposed to be a cross between a rake, a fork, and a hoe. I don’t find them that useful for much, except for sometimes working in compost to soil to the depth of the cultivator, but that’s only about 6″ or so.

    This is better for taking out weeds: (I guess it’s called a “stirrup” hoe but I call it a “scuffle hoe”… picked up that term from someone else and think it fits perfectly the action you perform with it.)

    And a regular garden fork and/or spade is better for deep aerating/loosening/mixing IMO.

  3. Thanks everyone!

    I guess “hand cultivator” or “hand harrow” are the right terms. The modern incarnations don’t seem to be as fierce as this vintage model, though, do they?

    1. I’m wanting to sell the one I have. Since it’s antique do you have any idea what price to ask?

      1. just saw this posting,,,,, do you still have the “hand harrow”?? if so are you still interested in selling and for how much? thanks for your response

      2. I just got one at an estate auction for $7 with a pitchfork and pickaxe included. I think it is probably much more valuable as a garden tool than as an antique. It works great even in muddy soil!

  4. I’ve got it’s twin, but never knew what is was called. Passed down from my grandfather. Great tool, great work-out.

  5. I grew up on the Nebraska prairielands during the mid-20th century (yikes! sounds like ancient history), where it was call a hand harrow.

    But, my dad had a special name for it:

    The Debil (devil)

    Whenever I was using it out back in the garden he would sneak up behind me and whisper:

    Here come the debil
    Walking ‘long the lebil (level)
    Digging up the grabel (gravel)
    With his looooooong toenails!

    just a hayseed from Nebraska

    1. Awesome! I need to put that on a little sign next to a gargoyle in my garden.

  6. By the way for a Overweight indivividual like me Gardening offers the perfect Sweat breaker 2 hours of good time weed digging and I am in business

  7. I’m experiencing problems with seeing your site clearly in the latest release of Opera. Looks good in Explorer 7 and Firefox however.Hope you have a nice day.

  8. Whatever is the name of this vintage sort of tool but it is quite helpful for tinny level gardening, I am going to meet a black smith near by to have a tool like this for me , will be here again to view your new post.

  9. That thing looks almost evil lol. You know the old garden tools would last hundreds of years and the junk we get nowadays has to be replaced all the time.

  10. Hi. The tool looks really evil. I would call it ” The EVIL HARROW”… The creator must be design specific, I mean look at the design. Its rare to see artistic gardening tools. Enjoy farming with your evil harrow.. You can auction it later..lolz.


  11. I’m 69; my grandfather used this instrument as a ‘lay-off plow’, to dig furrows into which he planted either corn or beans. Because of its sheer weight it could not be used as a hand tool, but rather had to be pulled across a tilled and harrowed piece of ground by a mule, ox, horse. Andy

  12. Does anyone know If there’s a value to a vintage Empire 24″ hi-wheel cultivator push plow?

  13. Your tool is one of a number of adjustable 5-tine cultivators manufactured from the mid 19th century through the present. While it may have many local/regional names, it has two that generally apply and have persisted over the years. The older name was “Chameleon Cultivator” referring to the ability to perform as a single, double, triple, quadruple or five-tined cultivator by removing one or several tines. In one-tine configuration it was used to till and weed in narrow spaces. With two narrow or wide spaced tines, or with only the middle tine removed, it was used for over-row work, straddling young plants and tilling on both sides. The middle three tines were commonly used in small vegetable gardens with closely spaced rows. The full, five tine setup was used between rows in large vegetable gardens. It was a popular tool with both home gardeners and smallholder market gardeners.

    During World War II it was called a “Victory Cultivator” and was part of government programs to promote home gardening.

    Both True Temper and Norcross were significant manufacturers of this tool and the tool was sometimes known by the latter name. Today the tool is produced in both India and China and, insofar as I know, by Johann Offner in Austria. Until a few years ago, Ames imported the tool from Offner. Since they dropped it, no one isbringing the tool into the United States Wolfgarten made a similar tool, with the tines removable in pairs, and may still.

    Bob Denman
    Blacksmith & Toolwright
    Red Pig Garden Tools
    Boring, Oregon

  14. I had the same tool. Relatives got ahold of it and I havnt seen one since. It’s a cultivator from about the 40s

  15. I found two of those in an old farm I rented. I just called them a hand cultivators but what did they ever do the trick especially in tight rows of beans and such. Kick myself forever letting them go and have been looking for another one or two since 👨‍🌾

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