A while ago I asked the Lazy Web for a service that would produce a tag cloud of the names of the lists on which a Twitter user appears. Mine, for example, would look like this:
The Lazy Web seems not to have taken up the challenge, so I took a crack at it. The solution I came up with is a single-page application, which is just a web page that uses HTML, CSS, and Ajax to do something that’s (hopefully) interesting and useful.
It defaults to my Twitter name but you’ll of course want to try yours, and those of others you’re curious about. The first time through, you’ll be prompted to authenticate to api.twitter.com. This looks like the password anti-pattern, but really isn’t. You’re authenticating yourself to the Twitter API in the same way that you normally do to the Twitter website.
Note that since the API call used to build the tag cloud is rate-limited, queries through this page will be charged against your daily allotment of Twitter API usage, just as when you use client applications like TweetDeck or Seesmic.
What will your tag cloud say about you? I don’t think you’ll be surprised. It’s just another of the unique signatures written for us by others. That those signatures do get written, though, and that they can be discovered and read, never ceases to surprise me.
The dynamics of single-page applications also never cease to surprise me. In this case, a tiny 4K web page is all that’s delivered from my modestly-equipped personal webserver. It would probably survive a Slashdotting. If not, the page could be hosted on any other server, or on a other local drive, and would continue to work the same way.
I’m also using jQuery, in this case served from the Microsoft content delivery network, so that’s unlikely to be a bottleneck. The only real limit is Twitter API usage, and that’s spread across all the Twitter users who authenticate through the page.
I’ve long been dissatisfied with how we discover and tune into Net radio. This iTunes screenshot illustrates the problem:
Start with a genre, pick a station in that genre, then listen to that station. This just doesn’t work for me. I like to listen to a lot of different things. And I especially value serendipitous recommendations from curators whose knowledge and preferences diverge radically from my own.
Yes there’s Pandora, but what I’ve been wanting all along is a way to enable and then subscribe to curators who guide me to what’s playing now on the live streams coming from radio stations around the world. It’s Wednesday morning, 11AM Eastern Daylight Time, and I know there are all kinds of shows playing right now. But how do I materialize a view for this moment in time — or for tonight at 9PM, or for Sunday morning at 10AM — across that breadth and wealth of live streams?
I started thinking about schedules of radio programs, and about calendars, and about BBC Backstage — because I’ll be interviewing Ian Forrester for an upcoming episode of my podcast — and I landed on this blog post which shows how to form an URL that retrieves upcoming episodes of a BBC show as an iCalendar feed.
Meanwhile, I’ve just created a new mode for the elmcity calendar aggregator. Now instead of creating a geographical hub, which combines events from Eventful and Upcoming and events from a list of iCalendar feeds — all for one location — you can create a topical hub whose events are governed only by time, not by location.
Can these ingredients combine to solve my Net radio problem? Could a curator for an elmcity topical aggregator cherrypick favorite shows from around the Net, and create a calendar that shows me what’s playing right now?
It seems plausible, so I spun up a new topical hub in the elmcity aggregator and started experimenting.
I began with the BBC’s iCalendar feeds. But evidently they don’t include VTIMEZONE components, which means calendar clients (or aggregators) can’t translate UK times to other times.
I ran into a few other issues, which perhaps can be sorted out when I chat with Ian Forrester. But meanwhile, since the universe of Net radio is much vaster than the BBC, and since most of it won’t be accessible in the form of data feeds, I stepped back for a broader view.
Really, anyone can publish an event that gives the time for a live show, plus a link to its player. And when a show happens on a regular recurring schedule, the little bit of effort it takes to publish that event pays recurring dividends.
Consider, for example, Nic Harcourt’s Sounds Eclectic. It’s on at these (Pacific) times: SUN 6:00A-8:00A, SAT 2:00P-4:00P, SAT 10:00P-12:00A. You can plug these into any calendar program as recurring events. And if you publish a feed, it’s not only available to you from any calendar client, it’s also available to any other calendar client — or to any aggregator.
Here’s a calendar with three recurring events for Sounds Eclectic, plus one recurring event for WICN’s Sunday jazz show, plus a single non-recurring event — the BBC’s Folkscene — which will be on the BBC iPlayer on Thursday at 4:05PM my time and 9:05PM UK time. If you load the calendar feed into a client — Outlook, Apple iCal, Google Calendar, Lotus Notes — you’ll see these events translated into your local timezone.
Note that Live Calendar is especially handy for publishing events from many different timezones. That’s because like Outlook, but unlike Google Calendar, it enables you to specify timezones on a per-event basis. So instead of having to enter the Sunday morning recurrence of Sounds Eclectic as 9AM Eastern Daylight, I can enter it as 6AM Pacific Daylight Time. Likewise Folkscene: I can enter 9:05 British Summer Time. Since these are the times that appear on the shows’ websites, it’s natural to use them.
This sort of calendar is great for personal use. But I’m looking for the Webjay of Net radio. And I think maybe elmcity topical hubs can help enable that.
There’s a way of using these topical hubs I hadn’t thought of until Tony Karrer created one. Tony runs TechEmpower, a software, web, and eLearning development firm. He wants to track and publish online eLearning events, so he’s managing them in Google Calendar and syndicating them through an elmcity topical hub to his website.
A topical hub, like a geographic hub, is controlled by a Delicious account whose owner maintains a list of feeds. I’d been thinking of the account owner as the curator, and of the feeds as homogeneous sources of events: school board meetings, soccer games, and so on.
The initial list of calendar entries, we added ourselves. But I’m pleased to announce that we’ve just signed up our second calendar curator – Coaching Ourselves. Their events are now appearing in the listings. … It is exactly because we can distribute the load of keeping this list current that makes me think this will work really well in the long run.
This probably shouldn’t have surprised me, but it did. I’d been thinking in terms of curators, feeds, and events. What Tony showed me is that you can also (optionally) think in terms of meta-curators, curators, feeds, and events. In this example, Tony is himself a curator, but he is also a meta-curator — that is, a collector of curators.
I’d love to see this model evolve in the realm of Net radio. If you want to join the experiment, just use any calendar program to keep track of some of your favorite recurring shows. (Again, it’s very helpful to use one that supports per-event timezones.) Then publish the shows as an iCalendar feed, and send me the URL. As the meta-curator of delicious.com/InternetRadio, as well as the curator of jonu.calendar.live.com/calendar/InternetRadio/index.html, I’ll have two options. If I like most or all of the shows you like, I can add your feed to the hub. If I only like some of the shows you like, I can cherrypick them for my feed. Either way, the aggregated results will be available as XML, as JSON, and as an iCalendar feed that can flow into calendar clients or aggregators.
Naturally there can also be other meta-curators. To become one, designate a Delicious account for the purpose, spin up your own topical hub, and tell me about it.
My guest for this week’s Innovators show is Cathy Marshall, a Senior Researcher in Microsoft’s Silicon Valley Lab. She’s long been intrigued by personal information management — and nowadays, also by its social dimension.
We kicked off the conversation with a discussion of her recent paper Do Tags Work?. (See also her slides from a talk about the project.) This was a clever study in which she collected a bunch of Flickr photos of people spinning on the bull’s balls in Milan. Notice how that fulltext query effectively retrieves a pile of images, taken by different people, of the same curious custom:
If you are passing through the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, you should spin around on the testicles of the bull mosaic found in the centre. Legend has it that this will bring you good luck!
Now try this query, which uses the same terms but looks at tags instead of the free text (title, description) associated with the photos. It finds nothing.
Cathy concludes that while many people think tags are effective hooks for information retrieval, they really aren’t.
Of course, those of us who attend conferences where the first order of business is to announce a tag know that tags can be a very effective way to aggregate all the blog postings, tweets, and photos associated with an event. Folksonomies that aren’t intended to converge don’t. Those that are meant to converge do, quite dramatically, which is why I’ve long been obsessed with intentional tagging as an enabler of loosely-coupled collaboration.
In the second half of the conversation we discussed personal digital archiving, curation, benign neglect, and lifestreams. Cathy tells a lot of stories about the ways in which people do, and also don’t, take care of their digital stuff. She observes, for example, that when people lose the contents of a computer, they react initially with horror, but then often feel a sense of relief. It turns out a lot of what was there wasn’t really needed. The burden of culling through it is lifted, and the guilt associated with not doing that culling that goes away.
(I laughed harder than I have in a long time when Cathy described rental storage units as “garbage cans you pay for, and then when you realize you no longer care about the stuff in them, you stop paying for.”)
We ended by agreeing that the hardest thing about introducing a hosted lifebits service ecosystem will be the conceptual model. For psychological reasons, people will want to think in terms of monolithic containers that keep stuff in one place, and monolithic services that do everything related to that stuff. For architectural reasons, though, we’ll want to federate storage, and also decouple classes of service — so that storage, for example, is orthogonal to access control and authorization, which is orthogonal to social interaction.