Tag Archives: elmcity

Upcoming is downgoing, Elm City is ongoing

Here’s Andy Baio’s farewell to Upcoming, a service I’ve been involved with for a decade. In a March 2005 blog post I wrote about what I hoped Upcoming would become, in my town and elsewhere, and offered some suggestions to help it along. One was a request for an API which Upcoming then lacked. Andy soon responded with an API. It was one of the pillars of my Elm City project for a long while until, as Andy notes in his farewell post, it degraded and became useless.

Today I pulled the plug and decoupled Upcoming from all the Elm City hubs.

In 2009 Andy and I both spoke at a conference in London. Andy was there to announce a new project that would help people crowdsource funding for creative projects. I was there to announce a project that would help people crowdsource public calendars. Now, of course, Kickstarter is a thing. The Elm City project not so much. But I’m pretty sure I’m on the right track, I’m lucky to be in a position to keep pursuing the idea, and although it’s taking longer than I ever imagined I’m making progress. Success, if it comes, won’t look like Upcoming did in its heyday, but it will be a solution to the same problem that Upcoming addressed — a problem we’ve yet to solve.

That same March 2005 blog post resonates with me for another reason. That was the day I walked around my town photographing event flyers on shop windows and kiosks. When I give presentations about the Elm City project I still show a montage of those images. They’re beautiful, and they’re dense with information that isn’t otherwise accessible.

Event flyers outperform web calendars, to this day, because they empower groups and organizations to be the authoritative sources for information about their public events, and to bring those events to the attention of the public. The web doesn’t meet that need yet but it can, and I’m doing my best to see that it does.

Community calendar workshop next week in Newport News

My next community calendar workshop will be at the Peninsula Fine Arts Center in Newport News, on Tuesday April 23 at 6PM. It’s for groups and organizations in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia, including Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Virginia Beach, Williamsburg, and Yorktown. If you’re someone there who’d like help change the way public calendars work in your region, please sign up on EventBrite so we know you’re coming, or contact me directly.

Here’s the pitch from the workshop’s sponsor and host, the Daily Press:

The Community Calendar Project

It’s about time someone came up with a way to get all community events in one place so everyone, everywhere can find out what’s going on at any given time, on any given day.

It’s about time creators of those events – the people, agencies and organizations who work so hard to bring quality education, support and entertainment to the community – had a way to get their messages out there effortlessly.

It’s about time the public can find out about the happenings and events they really care about and never miss an important event again.

AND it’s “time” – or the lack of it – that makes this community initiative being spearheaded by the Daily Press so valuable to everyone. This community calendar will SAVE time – for the event creators, the event seekers and the websites and platforms that work to make this information available.

The Daily Press is partnering with Jon Udell of Microsoft to bring this project to Hampton Roads and make it among the first communities in the country to have an easily searchable, FREE database of events available to the public. And we want to get all of Hampton Roads involved. The only thing required to participate is to agree to use an iCalendar formatted calendar on your own websites or to create events through Facebook. That’s it. Participation guaranteed.

What is an iCalendar? Simply, iCalendar is a computer file format that allows Internet users to exchange calendars with other Internet users. iCalendar is used and supported by personal calendars such as Google Calendar, Apple Calendar (formerly iCal), Microsoft Outlook and Hotmail, Lotus Notes, Yahoo! Calendar, and others, and by web content management systems including WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, and others.

Many of you may already use one of these applications to publish your calendars online, and that is great! That means you can already participate in the calendar network we are bringing together. The rest of you can easily convert and get on board.We’ll tell you how.

On April 23 you are invited to a presentation of the Community Calendar Project. Jon will be on hand to tell you what it is, why it matters and how to get involved. The gathering will take place at 6 p.m. at the Peninsula Fine Arts Center, 101 Museum Drive (across from The Mariners’ Museum) in Newport News.

Light refreshments will be served. Get your FREE tickets so we know how many are attending.

Hope to see you there.

Calendar feeds are a best practice for bookstores

Bookstores, for all the obvious reasons, are hanging on by their fingernails. What brings people into bookstores nowadays? Some of us still buy and read actual printed books. Some of us enjoy browsing the shelves and tables. Some of us value interaction with friendly and knowledgeable booksellers. And some of us like to see and hear authors when they come to speak and sign books.

There are lots of author events at bookstores. Recently LibraryThing’s Tim Spalding tweeted:

Upcoming bookish events on @LibraryThing Local now over 10,000! http://www.librarything.com/local/helpers

It’s great that LibraryThing “helpers” (individuals, libraries, bookstores) are adding all those events to LibraryThing’s database. But I’d really like to see bookstores help themselves by publishing standard calendar feeds. That way, LibraryThing could ingest those calendars automatically, instead of relying on dedicated helpers to input events one at a time. And the feeds would be available in other contexts as well, syndicating both to our personal calendars (desktop-, phone-, and cloud-based) and to community calendars.

When I saw Tim’s tweet I took a look at how bookstore events are feeding into various elmcity hubs. Here’s a snapshot of what I found:

location store ical feed?
Bright Lights
Monadnock Region of NH Toadstool yes
Cambridge, MA Harvard Bookstore yes
Brookline MA Brookline Booksmith yes
Boston MA Trident Booksellers yes
Ann Arbor MI Crazy Wisdom yes
Portland OR Powell’s yes
Dim Lights
Berkeley East Wind Books indirect
Canada Chapters Indigo indirect
Seattle Third Place Books indirect
… and some others …
Dark Matter
Berkeley City Lights no
Various Barnes and Noble no
Seattle WA Elliot Bay no
… and many others …

There are three buckets:

Bright Lights: These are stores whose web calendars are accompanied by standard iCalendar feeds. Events from these stores appear automatically in the Monadnock, Boston, Ann Arbor, and Portland hubs. These stores’ calendars could also be ingested automatically into LibraryThing, and you could subscribe to them directly.

Dim Lights: These are stores whose web calendars are hosted on Facebook. There isn’t a standard iCalendar feed for Facebook calendars, but the elmcity service can synthesize one using the Facebook API. So I say that these stores have “indirect” iCalendar feeds.

Dark Matter: These are stores whose web calendars are available only in HTML format. Some of these calendars are handcrafted web pages, others are served up by content management systems that produce calendar widgets for display but fail to provide corresponding feeds.

There are a few Bright Lights and some Dim Lights, but most bookstore calendars, like most web calendars of all kinds, are Dark Matter. If you’re a bookstore I urge you to become a Bright Light. Making your calendar available to the web of data is as easy as using Google Calendar or Hotmail Calendar. It’s a best practice that bookstores disregard at their peril.

Thought leadership at the Ann Arbor District Library

In Book: A Futurist’s Manifesto, which is taglined Essays from the bleeding edge of publishing and is co-edited by Brian O’Leary and Hugh McGuire, there’s a refreshingly forward-thinking chapter on public libraries by the Ann Arbor District Library’s Eli Neiburger. In The End of the Public Library (As We Knew It) Eli describes an intriguing model for libraries as purveyors of digital stuff. If you’re a creator of such stuff, and if you’re willing to sign the AADL Digital Content Agreement, you can license your stuff directly to the library:

The Agreement establishes that the library will pay an agreed-upon sum for a license to distribute to authenticated AADL cardholders, from our servers, an agreed-upon set of files, for an agreed-upon period of time. At the end of the term, we can either negotiate a renewal or remove the content from our servers.

The licenses specifies that no DRM, use controls, or encryption will be used, and no use conditions are presented to the AADL customer. In fact, our stock license also allows AADL users to download the files, use them locally and even create derivative works for personal use.

Pretty radical! Why would you, the creator of said stuff, want to take this crazy leap of faith? Eli explains:

Instead of looking at the license fee as compensation for something like a one-time sale, the pricing works when the rightsholder considers how much revenue they would like to expect during the license term from our 54,000-odd cardholders. For niche creators, it’s not hard for the library to beat that number, and all they have to do to get it is agree to the license and deliver the files to our server.

They’re not releasing their content to the world (especially because it’s already out there). They’re just granting a year or so of downloads to these 54,000 people. They get more revenue than they would likely get from those people up front, and the library gets sustainable, usable digital content for its users.

Eli thinks this won’t work for in-demand mass-market stuff anytime soon, if ever. But as he points out:

When everything is everywhere, libraries need to focus on providing — or producing — things that aren’t available anywhere else, not things that are available everywhere you look.

Of course public libraries have always been producers as well as providers. Things libraries produce include local collections, like the Keene Public Library’s exquisitely-curated historical photos and postcards and the Ann Arbor District Library’s The Making of Ann Arbor.

Libraries are also producers of community events, and here’s one I’m delighted to announce will happen at the Ann Arbor District Library on September 26:

A Seminar on Community Information Management

Everybody lives online now. Knowing how to collect and exchange information is now as important a skill as knowing how to drive, but it’s not enough: in order to make the web really work for you, you have to know how to project yourself online, and how to manage the boundary between what’s private and what’s public.

Cities and towns need to know this too. From the mayor’s office and local schools to the slow-pitch league and the local music scene, communities need to have these same skills if they are to survive and thrive in the 21st Century.

This seminar will explore what those skills are and how we can use them to make our communities stronger. We will use one particular case — sharing and synchronizing event calendars in Ann Arbor — to illustrate ideas, but the basic principles we will discuss can be applied to almost every aspect of community life.

While we’ll be talking about the web, this seminar is not for IT specialists, any more than knowing how to drive is something that only auto mechanics need to know.

A one-hour presentation by Jon Udell of Microsoft will be followed by another hour of Q&A and discussion.

This event is free of charge, and particularly of interest to those working for educational, civic and other not-for-profit organizations. It will be helpful to those who want better ways to get the word out about their own organization’s events and news, as well as those who are searching for such information and not always finding it easy to locate.

We’ll address these questions, among others:

– How can we, as a community, most effectively inform one another about goings-on in the region?

– How can our collective information management skills improve quality of life in the region?

– How can they also help us attract tourism and talent from outside the region?

– How do these same skills apply in other domains of public life such as political discourse and education?

We’re inviting organizations that — like public libraries — are significant producers of community events: public schools, colleges and universities, city governments, hospitals, cultural and environmental nonprofits, sports leagues, providers of social services, and more. We’re specifically looking for the people in such organizations who produce and promote events. If you’re one of those folks in or near Ann Arbor and would like to be invited, please let me know.

X-WR-TIMEZONE considered harmful?

In a pair of recent entries, Semantic web 101: Say what you mean and The long tail of the iCalendar ecosystem, I’ve begun to report on what I’m learning about the state of the iCalendar ecosystem as I work in parallel on the elmcity project and on the iCalendar Validator. Today I’ll focus on just one of a number of issues I’ve run into. Consider these two screenshots:

google calendar hotmail calendar

On the left you see Google Calendar displaying two calendars, each representing a single event — the Brower Youth Awards on October 18 at the Herbst Theater in San Francisco — in a different way. On the right you see Hotmail Calendar displaying the same two calendars. The event will happen at 5:30 Pacific time on the 18th. I found it on the Berkeleyside site whose events page offers a companion iCalendar feed.

If you load that feed into both Google Calendar and Hotmail Calendar, and if your calendars are set to Eastern time, you’ll see what’s shown above. If your calendars are set to another timezone the times will be shifted but the pink ones still won’t match.

The green ones should always match and should always be what you’d expect. For me, looking at a 5:30 Pacific event through the lens of calendars set to Eastern, I’d expect both calendars to display 8:30.

What’s the difference between the pink calendar and the green calendar? Here’s the pink one. It’s just the original calendar reduced to a single event. Like the original it declares its timezone using the nonstandard X-WR-TIMEZONE property:

PRODID:-//Refresh Web Development//Helios Calendar//EN
SUMMARY:Brower Youth Awards 2011
LOCATION:Herbst Theater - 401 Van Ness \, San Francisco\, CA US 94102

And here’s the green one. Again it’s a derivation of the original calendar that reduces to a single event. But it also declares its timezone in the standard way, using a VTIMEZONE component and then referring to it using the TZID parameter of the DTSTART and DTEND properties:

PRODID:-//Refresh Web Development//Helios Calendar//EN
SUMMARY:Brower Youth Awards 2011
LOCATION:Herbst Theater - 401 Van Ness \, San Francisco\, CA US 94102

As we see in the picture above, the event time on the green calendar shows up the same way in both Google Calendar and Hotmail Calendar. It should also be the same in any calendar program that supports the iCalendar standard.

The event time on the pink calendar, though, is a up for grabs. Calendar programs that strictly follow the iCalendar standard should ignore X-WR-TIMEZONE and always display the local time, 5:30PM, which will be right for people in the Pacific timezone and wrong for everybody else. Hotmail Calendar does this. Programs that use X-WR-TIMEZONE, on the other hand, can render this calendar just as they would render a standard calendar. Google Calendar does this.

Why do I care? I have to decide whether the elmcity service will or won’t consider X-WR-TIMEZONE to be meaningful. The service is based on DDay.iCal, the same standards-based parser that powers the iCalendar Validator. So when the the service reads the pink calendar, and renders it for users in Berkeley, it will do the wrong thing from their point of view.

To do the right thing for Berkeley it would need to do the wrong thing by iCalendar: transform the nonstandard X-WR-TIMEZONE property into a standard VTIMEZONE component, and then transform all the dates so that they refer to the VTIMEZONE’s TZID. In order to create that VTIMEZONE component, it would interpret X-WR-TIMEZONE value as a TZID (timezone ID) from the Olson database. A Unix-based service would look up the TZID in Olson, find the rule for the timezone — i.e., offsets from GMT for standard time and daylight savings time, and when to appy them — and express the rule using VTIMEZONE syntax. A service running on Windows Azure, like mine, would instead need to map the Olson name to a Windows timezone name, look up the rule using a Windows API, and then express the rule in VTIMEZONE syntax.

Of course this is a slippery slope because, in the end, I’m only guessing what X-WR-TIMEZONE is supposed to mean. Here’s Rick DeNatale engaging in the same kind of guesswork:

Someone pointed me to this icalendar file of Australian holidays for a test case:


This contains NO VTIMEZONE components, but does have the calendar property: X-WR-TIMEZONE:Australia/Sydney

Googling indicates that this is a non-standardized property, but it seems to be used by several calendar apps including Apple’s ical.app
and Google calendar.

I know that it’s non-standard, but it seems to be somewhat important for interoperability. I’m looking for some kind of information about
what it means in general.

It seems to indicate a default tzid for the whole calendar. In the absence of timezone components I’m not sure how to interpret the tzid, though.

Australia/Sydney IS a time zone identifier in the Olsen database, is it standard practice to use olsen tzids in X-WR-TIMEZONE calendar attributes?

Fortunately I can bring some data to bear on this question. Thanks to the iCalendar Validator I can analyze public calendars produced by a variety of iCalendar producers. In The long tail of the iCalendar ecosystem I listed the names of about 600 producers seen recently by the Validator. Of those, about 100 use X-WR-TIMEZONE instead of VTIMEZONE, and 70 of those 100 use local rather that UTC date syntax which implies they are depending on X-WR-TIMEZONE for correct interpretation of those dates.

Note that Google Calendar, the 800-pound gorilla in this space, is not one of those 70 producers. When it writes iCalendar format it uses both X-WR-TIMEZONE and VTIMEZONE; the latter ensures that Google Calendars can be understood properly by standard parsers that don’t support X-WR-TIMEZONE. The 100 producers I’m talking about, though, are using only X-WR-CALENDAR in a way that suggests they expect a nonstandard transformation. The fact that Google Calendar performs that transformation is, of course, a major reason why producers would expect it to happen everywhere.

Should X-WR-TIMEZONE be standard? That’s debatable. It would certainly make life easier for iCalendar producers. They could just mention a timezone rather than having to extract its rule from their operating systems and express the rule in VTIMEZONE syntax. One of the reasons for the success of RSS and Atom, after all, is that it’s always been easy to whip up an RSS or Atom feed which you can then check with the Feed Validator. An analogous simplicity for iCalendar producers would help grow the iCalendar ecosystem.

On the other hand if an iCalendar feed were to only mention a timezone without fully defining it, then the consumer would have to do the work that the producer didn’t. That’s problematic as Doug Day, author of the iCalendar Validator, notes in a recent email exchange:

Unfortunately, without including the actual time zone information in the calendar (i.e. via VTIMEZONE), you can’t be sure that the date/times you’re representing are accurate, even when using X-WR-TIMEZONE. For example, if you’re on a Windows XP machine that hasn’t been updated in 5 or 6 years, your system time zone information will be inaccurate. However, if the VTIMEZONE were included in the calendar, it would remain accurate, even on an older machine with out-of-date time zone definitions. Also, in order to interpret X-WR-TIMEZONE, you’d need to be in an environment where interpreting Olson time zone is realistic (easy on Linux, harder on Windows). I know a global, online time zone registry is in the works, but I don’t think it’s to a point where it’s useful, yet.

You might wonder why all this timezone stuff is even necessary. After all, an iCalendar feed can simply omit VTIMEZONE (and/or X-WR-TIMEZONE), express dates and times in UTC (Coordinated Universal Time), and use UTC syntax for all dates and times. Why not just do that? I asked Doug Day about this a while ago, and here was his reply:

The biggest problem is with recurring events and daylight/standard time transitions. For example, consider the following (all hypothetical):

1. I live in Salt Lake City, Utah

2. I want to schedule a meeting, starting on September 7, 2009 at 9:00 A.M, which recurs every month on the first Monday.

3. Some of the people attending this meeting live outside my current time zone.

So, here are the occurrences you’re ultimately after:

– September 7, 2009 – 9:00 A.M. (3:00 PM UTC)

– October 5, 2009 – 9:00 A.M. (3:00 PM UTC)

– November 2, 2009 – 9:00 A.M. (4:00 PM UTC)

As you can see, once the time changes from daylight back to standard time, so does the UTC representation of that time. So, if you had scheduled your event in UTC time, when the time zone changes, your event time will actually have changed (to 10:00 A.M., rather than 9:00 A.M.)

For this reason, among others, it’s always best to include time zone information whenever available. Traditionally, it’s been pretty difficult to include that information, and it’s more often left out than included.

So what shall I do with X-WR-TIMEZONE? I’ve decided to support it experimentally. If you start a new hub on the elmcity service, the default is to ignore X-WR-TIMEZONE. But if your hub has important sources that depend on it, as Berkeley does, then you can override the default so the times will be as you expect.

Meanwhile we’re going to update the iCalendar Validator to warn producers about this issue. There’s nothing technically invalid about a calendar that uses X-WR-TIMEZONE without VTIMEZONE. To a parser that strictly interprets the RFC5545 standard, that property is just a name that’s “reserved for experimental use.” But as has always been true of the RSS/ATOM Validator, the iCalendar Validator aims to deliver useful real-world guidance. Producers that use X-WR-TIMEZONE alone to declare a timezone should know that while it may often yield expected results, it’s not guaranteed to do so. It would be better to use a standard VTIMEZONE.

The long tail of the iCalendar ecosystem

A couple of months ago I began saving the iCalendar files that are submitted to the iCalendar Validator. Today I extracted a list of unique names of iCalendar producers along with associated counts of the number of calendars validated for each. Here they are, with Google Calendar at the head and a classic long tail distribution of almost 600 other iCalendar producers. (You can also see them elsewhere by name as well as by count.)

The next step will be to analyze how well these these producers conform to the validator’s interpretation of the iCalendar spec. But the list itself forms an interesting data set. We know intuitively that, after 12 years of evolution, the iCalendar ecosystem must have become broad and diverse. Here’s a nice illustration of that breadth and diversity.

(Note that these counts don’t necessarily reflect the real distribution of iCalendar producers. The iCalendar Validator is closely associated with the elmcity project, so certain producers used heavily there — DDay.iCal, EVDB, Meetup — are overrepresented. On the whole, though, I’d guess this is a reasonable proxy for the distribution of producers.)

-//Google Inc//Google Calendar 70.9054//EN 2102
-//DDay.iCal//NONSGML ddaysoftware.com//EN 334
-//SchoolCenter/NONSGML Calendar v9.0//EN 280
-//EVDB//www.eventful.com//EN 200
-//hacksw/handcal//NONSGML v1.0//EN 163
-//Meetup Inc//RemoteApi//EN 145
-//Meetup//RemoteApi//EN 143
-//Events at Stanford//iCal4j 1.0//EN 137
-//Drupal iCal API//EN 133
NingEventWidget-v1 131
-//Mozilla.org/NONSGML Mozilla Calendar V1.1//EN 101
-//CustomICS by Robert Brady 888-523-7275 81
PHP 76
-//Last.fm Limited Event Feeds//NONSGML//EN 61
e-vanced event management system 56
-//Microsoft Corporation//Windows Live Calendar//EN 55
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook 12.0 MIMEDIR//EN 55
-//openmikes.org/NONSGML openmikes.org//EN 53
PRODID;X-RICAL-TZSOURCE=TZINFO:-//com.denhaven2/NONSGML ri_cal gem//EN 49
-//ActiveDataExchange/Calendar V3.12.0//EN 47
Data::ICal 0.16 36
-//Facebook//NONSGML Facebook Events V1.0//EN 36
-//sports.yahoo.com//San Francisco Giants Calendar (MLB)//EN 35
http://devliquid.hillel.org/ 33
-//University of Oulu//SEAA 2011 Conference Program//EN 33
iCalendar-Ruby 32
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook 11.0 MIMEDIR//EN 31
https://news.piratenpartei.de/calendar.php 31
-//sports.yahoo.com//San Francisco 49ers Calendar (NFL)//EN 31
-//Refresh Web Development//Helios Calendar//EN 30
-//strange bird labs//Drupal iCal API//EN 29
-Consultation Manager iCal File 28
-//Kennedy Space Center launches by Chad//NONSCML//EN 27
-//ddaysoftware.com//NONSGML DDay.iCal 1.0//EN 27
-//Apple Inc.//iCal 4.0.4//EN 26
-//Ascensha//Causeway Workgroup Calendar//EN 25
-//Events Calendar//iCal4j 1.0//EN 25
-//Enzian Specials by Chad//NONSCML//EN 24
Absorb LMS 24
-//Apple Inc.//iCal 3.0//EN 22
Clear Books 22
-//University of Geneva//Calendar v1.0//EN 22
-//lanyrd.com//Lanyrd//EN 20
-//Upcoming.org/Upcoming ICS//EN 20
TT-Kalender 19
-//ForeTees//NONSGML v1.0//EN 19
-//Webmaster-Portal// 19
-//suda.co.uk//X2V (BETA)//EN 18
-//Partyflock//Partyflock_agenda_user_350057//EN 18
-//John Papaioannou/NONSGML Bennu 0.1//EN 18
-//collegefootballcalendar.net//2011-2012 NCAA Football Calendar//EN 17
-//Kerio Technologies//Kerio Connect//EN 17
BedeWork V3.5 17
-//Apple Computer\, Inc//iCal 2.0//EN 17
-//Trumba Corporation//Trumba Calendar Services 0.11.8113//EN 17
-//Schedule Star LLC//HighSchoolSports.net Calendar 2009.02.19//EN 16
-//MH Software Inc//Calendar – 3.2.13-pre8//EN 16
-//Springshare//LibCal//EN 16
-//University of California\, Berkeley//UCB Events Calendar//EN 16
-//ViableIT Inc//athletechs.com Calendar 1.0//EN 15
-//FBC//Turnierkalender//EN 15
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook 14.0 MIMEDIR//EN 14
-//Sølvguttene\, //Aktivitetskalender//EN 14
TOUTWEB http://www.toutweb.ac-versailles.fr 14
-//yeltzland/Calendar v1.0//EN 14
-//SimpleMachines//SMF 1//EN 14
-//Korfball.de//NONSGML Korfball.de V2.0//EN 13
-// Kansas Humanities Events Calendar //NONSGML v1.0//EN 13
RSS2iCal 0.0.1 13
-//Calendar//Calendar Event//EN 13
-//Dasos//NONSGML berksevents.com//EN 13
-//davical.org//NONSGML AWL Calendar//EN 13
-//Evolvera AB\, //TimeEdit//EN 12
-//Pingstkyrkan Sundsvall//Kalender//SV 12
-//Apple Inc.//iCal 5.0//EN 12
-//GMN training events//NONSGML v1.0//EN 12
-//RidgeStar//NONSGML v1.0//EN 12
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook 12.0 MIMEDIR//EN 12
-//Intand Corporation//Tandem for Schools//EN 12
-//Gala Festival Engine//gala-engine.com//EN 12
https://vertrieb.panomizer.de 12
-//loco.ubuntu.com//EN 12
Coldfusion8 12
-//VTM//TEXT Causeway Calendar//EN 11
-//Generated by RSScal//Tom Henderson 2007 11
-//herald-dispatch/calendar//NONSGML v1.0//EN 11
-//Events Manager//1.0//EN 11
-//CHECK24 Vergleichsportal GmbH//Kfz iCal Termin v0.1//DE 11
-//FwdMeeting.app//EN 11
-//FAST//NONSGML v1.0//CZ 11
Mobile Geographics Tides 3988 2011 11
-//Punahou School/finalsite//NONSGML v1.0//EN 11
-//Bryce Campbell/NONSGML v1.0//EN 11
-//beTicketing/Events//EN 11
-//djeebus/scheduleanywhere//NONSGML v1.0//EN 11
-//mySportSite Inc.//mySportSite//EN 11
-//nikatla.de//MoDuL//DE 11
PRODID;X-RICAL-TZSOURCE=TZINFO:-//ArcticStartup//ri_cal gem//EN 11
-//Weather Underground Inc//Wunder Weather Calendar//EN 11
-//Ben Fortuna//iCal4j 1.0//EN 10
-//Linux Users’ Group of Davis//events-as-ics 2006.09.12//EN 10
-//WestConn Events//iCal 2.0//EN 10
-//Korrio Inc//Korrio Calendar 0.42//EN 10
-//TPP//v2.2.6//DE 10
soe_events 10
Ajax Event Calendar WordPress Plugin 10
de.rwth-aachen.filmstudio.www 10
-//Datasport//Datasport Events V0.1//EN 9
-//Vertical Magazine//VerticalADCalendar//EN 9
-//denef.design\, //iCalCreator 0.1//EN 9
-//Oakland Unviersity//NONSGML Events//EN 9
-//sports.yahoo.com//Connecticut Huskies Calendar (NCAA Men’s Hoops)//EN 9
-//blogTO//NONSGML Toronto Events V1.0//EN 9
-//CiviCRM//NONSGML CiviEvent iCal//EN 9
-//Microsoft Corporation//OutlookMIMEDIR//EN 9
-//sports.yahoo.com//Central Conn. St. Lady Blue Devils Calendar (NCAA Women’s Hoops)//EN 9
-//Export//Set-a-Date//EN 9
-//winchesteryouthhockey.com//Schedule Calendar 0.001//EN 9
-//guthrietheater.org///Schedule Calendar 0.001//EN 8
-//The Horde Project//Horde_iCalendar Library\, Horde 3.3.4//EN 8
-//UB Events Calendar//NONSGML v1.0//EN 8
-//jEvents 1.5 for Joomla//EN 8
-//crystalbootssilversaddles.org//NONSGML // 8
i-Aspect IAF 1.0.23 8
-//ReminderFox V1. 8
-//Arnolds calendar// 8
-//flaimo.com//iCal Class MIMEDIR//EN 8
Computers in Personnel Ltd – Ciphr 8
-//ISCOPE GmbH//NONSGML iCalendar library for PHP//DE 8
-//WebCalendar-v1.1.2 8
Town of Chapel Hill Calendar Creator 8
-//Edtech\\\, //Ultranet 2.3.4//EN 8
-//Proweso/TeamData//DE 8
-//AntonDesign//NONSGML LUCS//EN 7
-//Ascensha//Causeway Calendar//EN 7
-//ABC Denayer//NONSGML DenayerAgenda//EN 7
-//DNN//Events 05.00.02//EN 7
-//F30//NONSGML Text Editor//EN 7
-//Terrapinn//The Internet Show Middle East//EN 7
-//Clubless//NONSGML//EN 7
-//zulily//reminders//EN 7
-//Lotus Development Corporation//NONSGML Notes 8.5//EN 7
Zimbra-Calendar-Provider 7
-//WebCalendar-ics-v1.2.3 7
+//IDN hrooster.nl/icsFeed//NONSGML v1.0//EN 7
-//ESD105//NONSGML v1.0//EN 7
-//University of St Andrews//Galen Timetable//EN 7
-//Cairns State High School//Events Manager Export//EN 7
-//ELT Calendar//Eventer 1.0//EN 7
bnmng 7
-//UT///NONSGML v1.0//nl-NL 7
-//Telerik Inc.//NONSGML RadScheduler//EN 6
-//InstituteOfClinicalResearch//NONSGML v1.0//EN 6
-//Skoonhoven//VUrooster//NONSGML v1.0//EN 6
-//TPP//T P P v2.2.6//DE 6
-//Vereniging Voor Natuurkunde//NONSGML Activiteitenkalender//NL 6
-//MNC Heren 8 Kalender//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 6
-//Costasoft//CalGen//IT 6
-//ReminderFox V1.9.9.4//EN 6
-//Typo3 CMS\, News Event Extension 6
-//Nevobo/Competitie/NL 6
-//Scientia Ltd//iCalendar Server v 1.0//EN 6
-//kex.se//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 6
-//TYPO3/NONSGML Calendar Base (cal) V1.4.0//EN 6
-//Trumba Corporation//Trumba Calendar Services 0.11.8009//EN 6
-//Day Software//CQ5 Calendar 5.4.2//EN 6
-//sphereinc//jira to iCal Vacations 0.09//EN 6
-//stgeorge.org//calendar.php//NONSGML v1.0//EN 5
-//polishprofessionals.org.uk//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 5
-//SHEA/syndicated//NONSGML v1.0//EN 5
-//Remember The Milk//rtm.Service.iCalendar.Export 3.0//EN 5
-//SFU CourSys//courses.cs.sfu.ca// 5
iTV – televizni program 5
-//www.byucougars.com//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 5
-//jhart//skytools_icalendar//EN 5
Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 5
Integrated Resources Booking System 5
-//Air Crew Portal//.air V0.2b//EN 5
http://www.billomat.net/service/feed/ical/ 5
HSJ – Excel 5
-//Abreu Viagens//CorpAbreu//PT 5
-//ED//Agenda Harmonie//EN 5
VBCPS Calendar Application 5
-// iCalcreator 2.4.3// 5
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook 10.0 MIMEDIR//EN 5
-//Apple Computer\, Inc//iCal 1.0//EN 5
-//The Highbar LLC//BoardOnTrack//EN 5
-//Trumba Corporation//Trumba Calendar Services 0.11.8016//EN 5
-// iCalcreator 2.6// 5
-//Leaguerunner//Team Schedule//EN 5
-//Legends Racing UK//Race Calendar//EN 5
-//Trumba Corporation//Trumba Calendar Services 0.11.8024//EN 5
-//ABC Corporation//NONSGML My Product//EN 4
-//Algit d.o.o.//NONSGML iUrnik 7.0.680//EN 4
Common Place 4
-//Schoolonline//Schoolonline 1.0//NL 4
-// iCalcreator 2.6// 4
-//Revoshop//Brønshøj kampe//EN 4
-//agenda.strasweb.fr//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 4
-//RidgeStar//NONSGML v4.8.2//EN 4
-//glenallenpool.com//GlenAllenCommunityCenter//EN 4
-//Incom.org//iCal Helper//DE 4
-//iCal Parser Test//NONSGML v1.0//EN 4
-//Novell Inc//Groupwise 12.0.0 Beta 4
-//Middlebury College//Dining Menus//EN 4
-//Mercury//cam.ac.uk// 4
-//Lotus Development Corporation//NONSGML Notes 6.0//EN 4
-//D2Rec WEB//EN 4
-//Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints//LDS Calendar 2.0//EN 4
-//Cambridge Publications//NONSGML ConferenceSys//EN 4
-//Double Yellow//DY//EN 4
-//HOCZ.org//srazy.hocz.org//EN 4
-//Foris//Meetings//EN 4
-//eZ Systems//eZ Publish//EN 4
-//Trumba Corporation//Trumba Calendar Services 0.11.7922//EN 4
http://www.jeripeier.ch/piper+ 4
-//UM//UM*Events//EN 4
//Dave Warker//Remember? 4.6.2d1 4
Clubless Event Invite 4
http://aol.animanga.at/ 4
-//ungarn.brunstadworld.org// Ungarn.iCal 1.0//EN 4
infosys@rn.inf.tu-dresden.de 4
-//vodafoneprojects-hr.mediaxplosion.nl//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 4
IntraSEIC ICS Generator 4
-//Terrapinn//World National Oil Companies Congress 2012//EN 3
-//test.org//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 3
-//CBIT//eAdministration//DK 3
-//MightyMax/JPT/ripper v1.0//NL 3
-//ELT Calendar//Add to calendar//EN 3
-//Tethr.co.uk/NONSGML Tethr 0.1//EN 3
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook 9.0 MIMEDIR//EN 3
-//TBP\ Inc//iCal 1.0//EN 3
-//NONSGML Events //EN 3
-//Taxi Licensing//MOT BOOKINGS//EN 3
-//NOVASOFTWARE//Calendar//IT 3
http://www.example.com/calendarapplication/TZ:+01:00 3
http://www.trinews.at 3
DaisyTest 3
-//DNN//Events 05.02.00//EN 3
-//Novell Inc//Groupwise 8.0.2 3
eAdministration 3
-//MIA Consulting//MIA_Toolkit v1.0//EN 3
-//hugoviste.cz//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10// 3
-//i:FAO Aktiengesellschaft//NONSGML cytric r10//EN 3
-//localhost//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.6// 3
-//Trumba Corporation//Trumba Calendar Services 0.11.7914//EN 3
-//Hester Jans//Agenda//NL 3
-//Ibooqu Calendar 1.0//EN 3
-//University of Florida//NONSGML Calendar v1.0//EN 3
-//Intand Corporation//Tandem//EN 3
-//koivuniemi//navettabroker 1.0//FI 3
-//WBT Systems//NONSGML TopClass//EN 3
-//University of Cambridge/WattLab V1.4//EN 3
-//Example/ExampleCalendarClient//EN 3
-//meds.queensu.ca//iCal MEdTech Central Calendar MIMEDIR//EN 3
-//MGL MakingGreatLeaders//NONSGML MGL//EN 3
-//Eveoh//Eveoh iCalExporter 1.2//EN 3
-//The Taft School//NONSGML v1.0//EN 3
-//Maxinutrition//iCal 2.0//EN 3
-//GENTICS Content.Node//NONSGML AWO Event//DE 3
-//Lotus Development Corporation//NONSGML Notes 7.0//EN 3
-//Lotus Development Corporation//NONSGML Notes 8.5.2//EN_C 3
-//Markthisdate.com\,0.7 3
-//Generated by PHP in Linux!//NONSGML v1.0//EN 3
-//OHAI.CA//Brian Lai’s Awesome iCal Parser 1.01//EN 3
-//Appointments On Time//EN 3
-//SweepAround.Us: Ward 40\, Sweep Area 5//EN 3
NetProfits Guidance Scheduling 3
-//Plan 2011Z CB//NONSGML v1.0//EN 3
Microsoft Exchange SERVER 2007 3
-//Schedule Star LLC//HighSchoolSports.net Calendar 2009.02.19//ENVERSION:2.0CALSCALE:GREGORIAN 3
-//Saltech Systems//NONSGML Saltech CMS 2011//EN 3
-//sol3//EN 3
ReflexAppointment 3
-//Amtelco/Oncall//NONSGML V1.0//EN 3
-//Rentmanager XI//EN 3
-//Reincubate Ltd//iPhone Backup Extractor 3.0.8//EN 3
Nova-Migration-PC-1.0 3
-//Sotic Ltd//EN 3
-//Roundcube Webmail//NONSGML Calendar//EN 3
-//Scott Crevier//SouthEndZone.com//EN 3
-//Brian Victor//BTBCal 3
-//OHAI.CA//Brians iCal Generator 1.01//EN 3
-//ServeiTIC ETSAB//iCal4j 1.0//EN 3
-//p77b Inc//iCal Splitter r1//EN 3
-//Sølvguttene//Aktivitetskalender//EN 3
IE – 2011 3
-//Ascentis Corporation//CalExporter 1.0//EN 3
-//synexarium_arabic@copticchurch.net//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10// 3
-//IP.Board Calendar 3.1.4//EN 2
-//iwooweb.umcn.nl/rooster/B1GM1t_rooster_12-8-2011.ics//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.6// 2
-//Zarafa//7.0.1-28479//EN 2
Reflex Appointment 2
-//WebCalendar-v1.0.2 2
-//YuMe Inc//NONSGML My Product//EN 2
-//www.bostonharborislands.com//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 2
-//jaegerlacke.de//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 2
-//Genbook, Inc//Genbook Calendar 1.0//NONSGML v1.0//EN 2
-//flybe SDRA iCal Export//Daniel Giles//EN 2
-//inter-actief//amélie//NL 2
-//AbanQ/AbanQCalendarClient//EN 2
-//Volleyball calendar 2011-2012// 2
VMH Akademie Mailer 2
-// iCalcreator 0.9.9// 2
-// iCalcreator 2.6// 2
– // LuxCal 2.5.0 // I+R Web Calendar // EN 2
-//Vrijhof Cultuurcentrum//Admino 3//EN 2
-//Abilene Christian University//CM 2011.1//EN 2
UWA Whatson 2
-//adb_birthdays2ical//V0.1//EN 2
SuperOffice Calendar 2
-//http://nitalk-dev.natinst.com//ics-export-sbs-plugin//EN 2
-//Hochschule Heilbronn//ICS Downloader//DE 2
http://www.handball.no 2
feed2ical 0.0.1 2
Microsoft CDO for Microsoft Exchange 2
Fenwick/Kinopop 2
feed2ical 0.1 2
-//dukamunka.hu// DukaMunka.iCal 1.0//HU 2
ApplyMate Reminders 2
-//DougBrown//WHS Date Generator – copyright 2011 //EN 2
Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 2
METHEUS 2000 2
-//Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints//LDS Calendar 1.6//EN 2
JustaTest 2
-//chapterboard.com//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.6// 2
-//Chris Malton//UKS_WebExport v1.0//EN 2
-//d-elft.nl//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 2
-//blah/test 2
http://ortsring-weiler.de/ 2
http://cybot.eu.org/zapo/ 2
//annando/mybb-ical//DE 2
-//Air Crew Portal//Air//EN 2
//Bedework.org//BedeWork V3.7//EN 2
-//Annual//Annual 70.9054//EN 2
-//Feuerwehr Eriskirch//NONSGML v1.0//EN 2
-//Air Crew Portal//Air v//EN 2
-Consultation Manager 2.0 2
-//AntonDesign//NONSGML v1.0//EN 2
-//Apple Inc.//iCal 4.0.3//EN 2
//opencampus.ssig.ch\ v2.0//IT 2
-//EMA Inc//EMA Private//EN 2
-//EventPoint, Inc.//TechEd Australia 2011 Calendar//EN 2
-//Apple Computer\, Inc//iCal 1.5//EN 2
//Nokia Corporation//Maemo5 Calendar PR1.2//EN 2
-//Apple Inc.//iCal 3.0m//EN 2
-//MKIVC//Public//EN 2
-//Terrapinn//Hedge Funds World Asia 2011//EN 2
-//Songkick//iCal 1.0//EN 2
-//TV-kalendern.se//NONSGML Calendar feed for television//EN 2
-//NC State OIED//NONSGML v1.0//EN 2
-//P2D Prontuario Universal//P2D Calendar 1.7//PT-BR 2
-//Paprikka_ERP//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10// 2
-//localhost:2026//NONSGML v1.0//EN 2
-//Rearden Commerce//iCal4j 1.0//EN 2
-//suda.co.uk//X2V 0.7.2 (BETA)//EN 2
-//Maxinutrition//iCal 1.0//EN 2
-//Meetup//Meetup Events v1.0//EN 2
-//The Horde Project//Horde_iCalendar Library\, Horde 3.3.8//EN 2
-//Microsoft Corporation//Outlook MIMEDIR//EN 2
-//SoPA UoE//Event Calendar//EN 2
-//LUIS/handcal//NONSGML v1.0//LV 2
-//Planetarium Hamburg//Planetarium Hamburg Technikeinsatzplkanung//DE 2
-//test//Set-a-Date//EN 2
-//USBank//NONSGML v1.0//EN 2
-//Snow B.V.//NONSGML ldap2ics.pl v0.1//EN 2
-//JH-data//www.kobh.dk v1.0//EN 2
-//K Desktop Environment//NONSGML libkcal 4.3//EN 2
-//Skiteam Wolfskamer//Wedstrijdagenda//NL 2
-//Taxi Licensing//Basildon Borough Council//EN 2
-//TAO Outlook-Converter//software.tao.at// 2
-//School Datebooks Inc//The Zoneâ„¢ – Ursuline Academy of Cincinnati//EN 2
-//Sølvguttene//Aktivitetskalender//NO 2
-//TheWeddingDJ 2
-//northwestern_econ_pinksheet//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.6// 2
-//Union Korneuburg//iCal4j 1.0//EN 2
-//CE Systems//calendarexchange 1.0//EN 1
-//Numara Software, Inc.//FootPrints Calendar//EN 1
-//NWHS Events//EN 1
-//CitySocialising//NONSGML CitySocialising Socials v1.0//EN 1
-//CMS4Schools.com//NONSGML Pro//EN 1
http://www.htw-aalen.de/ 1
-//Plan 2011Z CA//NONSGML v1.0//EN 1
http://www.mscbeuern.de/ 1
-//arqcore.com//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.10// 1
-//Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence//NONSGML v1.0//EN 1
-//Calendar For 1
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-//BusyMac LLC/BusyCal 1.5.4/ET 1
-//CalendarONE Pte Ltd//Entourage Mac 11.0 MIMEDIR//EN 1
-//OJP/Thales//EN 1
-//calendar-workoptions b.v..eazymatch.net//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 1
-//Open Source Applications Foundation//NONSGML Chandler Server//E 1
-//bughome/tasks//NONSGML v1.0//EN 1
livesportontv.com 1
-//BlackParadigm/Schedule/FR 1
-//ATK Palvelu Hakosalo Oy//Yrinet3-asiakashallintajärjestelmä//FI 1
-//PimlicoSoftware Inc//Pimlical Calendar ICS Export//EN 1
-//Broadnet Teleservices/Event manager//EN 1
Id de procedencia (Compa�ia) 1
Lagsidan 1
-//PBS Arts//NONSGML 1
-// kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 1
-// iCalcreator 2.4.3// 1
-// iCalcreator 2.6// 1
-//SMW Project//Semantic Result Formats 1
-// kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 1
University of Kent THALIA 1
-//Sol-3/sol3-export-crm-calendar-ics.pl//EN 1
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-//schleifring//messen 1
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XVU iCal 1
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PRODID;X-RICAL-TZSOURCE=TZINFO:-//Full Slate\, Inc.//NONSGML fullslate.co 1
HIP-HOP.DK 1.0 1
–//Mozilla.org/NONSGML Mozilla Calendar V1.1//EN 1
-////NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 1
-//scrollday.com//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.8// 1
http://www.apartmentsapart.com 1
-//SimpleMachines//SMF/RAphotoclub v1.0 1//EN 1
-//anzevents.adobe.com – Creaive Class: for creative people// 1
-//St. Luke University Parish//stlCalendar v1.0//EN 1
Projektron BCS 1
Open-Xchange 1
-//Reincubate Ltd//iPhone Backup Extractor 3.0.8//EN // RECOMMENDED INCLUSION 1
-//Apple Inc.//iCal 4.0//EN 1
-//Raco//iCal4j 1.0//EN 1
-//stgeorge.org//calendar.php//NONSGML v1.0//ENb 1
-//Something.org//NotesCalendarExport 0.96//EN 1
Rooster-janwal2010 1
-//ActiveDataExchange/Calendar V3.12.1//EN 1
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-//Schedule a Meeting 1
SFPL Web Calendar 1
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-//Rillsoft GmbH//Rillsoft Integration Server//DE 1
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-//WebCal.fi//NONSGML iCalendar Creator version 3.3//FI 1
-//WebCalendar-ics-v1.2.1 1
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-//Freshcookies.org//NONSGMLNotesCalendarExport 0.96//EN 1
-//Lotus Development Corporation//NONSGML Notes 8.5.2//EN_S 1
-//www.bad-homburg-tourismus.de//DE 1
-//Lotus Development Corporation//NONSGML Notes 8.5.3//EN_C 1
-//www.ziv-zweirad.de//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10// 1
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-//LFP//iCal 3.0//FR 1
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-//IP.Board Calendar 3.2.2//EN 1
-//University of Oulu//NONSGML SEAA 2011 Conference Program//EN 1
-//University of Michigan Museum of Art//Events Calendar//EN 1
-//Integrated Resources Booking System 1
-//Irish Orienteering Association//NONSGML Fixtures//EN 1
-//jCRM//iCal 0.1//EN 1
-//Jeb//edt.pl//EN 1
-//Verkkovaraani Oy/Generated by eAdmin//FI 1
-//IS4U//EN 1
-//virtual-loup-de-mer.org//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.6// 1
-//HZ93//HZ93//EN 1
-//Typo3 CMS\, News Event Extension //MIMEDIR//EN 1
-//Hypermatix//NONSGML Andal BETA//EN 1
-//http://notclive.co.uk/IC-DoC-iCal//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 1
-//http://www.ibestat.es 1
-//TYPO3/NONSGML Calendar Base (cal) V1.3.3//EN 1
-//Infragistics,Inc.//UltraWinSchedule 1
-//University of Illinois//Web Services Calendar//EN 1
-//Kiiba ApS//NONSGML Kiiba//EN 1
-//ICal by EliasSoft//EN 1
-//ical.net//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.9.1// 1
-//MAT Foundries Europe GmbH Informationsportal//NONSGML Infoportal//DE 1
-//Day Software//CQ5 Calendar 5.3.0//EN 1
fenwick/kinopop 1
-//NCEO//Web site//EN 1
-//Nevobo/Competitie 1
Hasso Plattner Institute Potsdam, Germany, AOSD 2012 1
-//TBP\, Inc//iCal 1.0//EN 1
-//mulberrymail.com//Mulberry v4.0//EN 1
-//Terrapinn Holdings Ltd//The Internet Show Middle East//EN 1
-//multifunction.nl/#SPLUS630532//NONSGML v1.0//EN 1
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-//musique4.localhost//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10// 1
http://tute.ch/events/ical/ 1
-//Cozi Group Inc//Cozi Calendar//EN 1
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-//collegefootballcalendar.net//2011-2012 NCAA Football Calendar (ACC)//EN 1
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-//None/1.0//EN 1
http://calendar.rockhurst.edu/ 1
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-//Doodle AG//Doodle//EN 1
-//MIA Consulting//NONSGML MIA_TOOLKIT v1.0//EN 1
//Dave Warker//Remember? 4.6 1
//MCPS//iCalendar//EN 1
-//Test//NONSGML My Calendar//EN 1
-//The Horde Project//Horde_iCalendar Library//EN 1
-//thinkdigital/webkit-calendar//NONSGML v1.0//EN 1
-//zugunited.ch//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 1
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-//MAT Foundries Europe GmbH Informationsportal//NONSGML Infoportal//DE 1
-//EZ Bill Tracker// 1
-hanmade 1
-//dsek.lth.se//NONSGML dCalMaker 1.0// 1
-//mjoberg.net//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10.5// 1
-//Drupal iCal API//EN 1
-//dorky.bkbruntal.cz//NONSGML iCalcreator 2.4.3// 1
CommuniGate Pro 5.4.2d 1
BYU Calendar 1
AndroidEmail 1
//SMP 1
-//test.org//NONSGML kigkonsult.se iCalcreator 2.10// 1
-//Mijn Rooster//osiris.uu.nl// 1
-//Eloqua//NONSGML Eloqua Conversion Suite//EN 1

Can elmcity and Delicious continue their partnership? (2nd try)

Delicious has been part of my life for a long time. I first wrote about it back in August of 2004. I know this because Delicious helped me remember. The link has gone stale because I wrote the article for an online publisher, which turns out to be a good way to get published but a lousy way to stay published. Thankfully Wayback remembers what InfoWorld forgot:

Pub/sub, tags, and human filters

In 2002, InfoWorld gave a Technology of the Year award to “publish/subscribe” technology. In the writeup I mentioned Kenamea, KnowNow, and the Flash Communications Server. The del.icio.us bookmarking system has some of the pub/sub flavor of those systems, as well as some of the blogging flavor.

In the blog network, you publish to a personal identity (your own), and you subscribe to other people’s identities. In systems like KnowNow and Kenamea, people (and also applications) publish to, and subscribe to, topics.

Consider the del.icio.us tag e4x, which I created today to help me keep track of this article on a subject I expect to learn more about soon. At the moment, my e4x page and the systemwide e4x page are the same: mine is the one and only use of that tag.

Even if I’m the only one to collect e4x references by means of that tag, it will have value. I’ll be able to access a set of bookmarks from anywhere, and easily share them. Things could get more interesting if other people’s e4x references start to show up when I visit (or subscribe to) the tag. Whether del.icio.us (or an analogous service) will reach a scale that makes that likely, for specialized as well as common terms, is an interesting question.

Once a tag does reach critical mass, another interesting question arises. Do you monitor the global view or do you rely on one or more user-filtered views? I guess the answer is both, at different times. When a tag is new and receives little traffic, watch the whole thing. If traffic grows too heavy or too noisy, interpose trusted human filters.

Looking back I can see what attracted me to Delicious. It embodies what I’ve come to know as ways of thinking like the web.

I am now working on a service that invites people to learn and apply web thinking in order to systematically inform one another about things. My web service uses Delicious as a partner service. One reason is that I am virtuously lazy. I would much rather use a service than create one. The elmcity project only cares about one thing: calendar syndication. If it can partner with a service like Delicious for other things — managing lists of feeds, configuring hubs — then I can focus on trying to do the one thing that really matters to my project.

But there’s another reason. I believe that people who use Delicious in the way that elmcity curators do are learning to apply some key principles of web thinking. Things like informal contracts, information chemistry, the pub/sub communication pattern, and the structure of information,

I wrote up specific examples recently in Can elmcity and Delicious continue their partnership? Today I realized that I still lack an answer to that question. If the new terms of service are going to require me to swap out Delicious for another service I should get cracking. But first I’ll try again. Is it OK for elmcity to keep using Delicious the way it has been? If anyone reading this can help me get that question answered I will be grateful.