Category Archives: Uncategorized

A cost-effective way to winterize windows

D’Arcy Norman asks:

If there’s a better way to winterize windows than just taping plastic to the frame, I’d love to hear about it.

Indeed. In New Hampshire, when fuel prices first skyrocketed, we did that for a couple of years. It’s an incredibly effective way to stop the leaks that suck precious warm air out of your home. But it’s a royal pain to install the plastic sheeting every fall, and when you remove it in the spring you inevitably pull paint chips off your window frames.

The solution is interior storms, a really nice hack I learned about from John Leeke. He’s a restorer of historic homes, and — what brought him to my attention — a narrator of that work. Interior storms are just removable frames, surrounded by gaskets, to which you attach your plastic sheets permanently. Once made they pop into your window frames in a few seconds every fall, and pop out as easily in the spring.

Achieving that result is, however, not trivial, at least it wasn’t for me. My first generation of interior storms, based on John’s instructions, were suboptimal. The round backer rod material he recommended had to be split lengthwise to form a D profile. I wound up making a jig to do that by drilling a backer-rod-diameter hole in a piece of wood, splitting it in half, embedding a razor blade on an angle, and joining the pieces. Great idea in principle, but in practice it was still hard to draw hundreds of feet of backer rod through the jig and achieve a clean lengthwise split. It was also hard to apply hundreds of feet of double-sided tape to the split material.

The backer rod I used also turned out not to be sufficiently compressible. The critical thing with interior storms is a tight fit. When you tape plastic to your windows you’re guaranteed to get that result, which is why it’s so effective. Interior storms need to press into their surrounding window frames really snugly to achieve the same effect. Inconsistencies in the width of my split backer rod, and the relative incompressibility of the material, resulted in storms that didn’t always fit as snugly as they should have.

Another problem with the first-geneneration storms was flimsy frames. I ripped pine boards lengthwise to create inch-wide frame members. They really should have been inch-and-a-half.

So last year I rebooted and created second-generation storms. I started with inch-and-a-half wide frame members. Then I ditched the backer rod and went with pretaped rubber gasket. It’s a much more expensive material but it obviates the need for do-it-yourself taping and has the compressibility I was looking for.

Yet another problem with the first-gen storms was that I made all the frames from the same template. The windows were nominally all the same dimensions, but it turns out there were minor variations and those matter when you really need to achieve a snug fit.

So the second time around I customized each frame to its window. Yes, it was tedious. But for our house it was necessary, and it might be for many old houses. Here’s the algorithm I came up with:

1. Cut short dummy pieces from spare inch-and-a-half-wide frame members.

2. Attach gasket to one side of each dummy piece.

3. Make all long and short frame members a bit longer than needed.

4. For each frame member:

– Place dummy pieces on either end

– Place frame member between dummy pieces

– Compress the gasket at one end

– Mark frame member at the other end (accounting for gasket compression on that end)

– Cut frame member

– Label frame member (“living room west wall”)

Once the frame is made, you attach the plastic sheet in the usual way. I used Warp Brothers SK-38 kits which come with double-stick tape. You tape around the edge of the frame, lay down the plastic, smooth it by hand, press it down, trim the edges, and use a blow dryer or heat gun to shrink it tight.

Ths is the kind of job I hate doing. You spend lots of time climbing the learning curve, and then once you’re done you never reuse the knowledge you’ve painfully acquired. Since the method is so effective, though, I’ll toss out an idea that’s been percolating for a while.

Consider an older house in a northern climate, with older windows and storms, and adequate attic insulation. The walls may or may not be adequately insulated, but the first line of defense is to tighten up those windows. It’s expensive to replace them, and the replacements are going to be vinyl that will ruin the aesthetics of the house and won’t age well. It’s even more expensive to hire a restorer to rebuild the old windows.

Let’s say that interior storms deliver 80% of the benefit of replacement windows for 10% of the cost. Deploying this solution to all the eligible houses in a region is arguably the most cost-effective way to tighten up that population of houses. But the method I’ve described here won’t scale. It entails more effort, and more hassle, than most folks will be willing to put up with.

How could we scale out deployment of interior storms across a whole community? I’d love to see high schools take on the challenge. Set up a workshop for making interior storms. Market it as a makerspace. No, it’s not 3D printing, but low-tech interior storms deployed community-wide will mean way more to the community than anything a MakerBot can print. Also, turn the operation into a summer jobs program. Teach kids how to run it like a business and pay themselves better than minimum wage.

Since I am now living in Santa Rosa, winterization of windows is no longer a big concern. But I’ve been meaning to document what I learned and did back in New Hampshire. And I would really like to see John Leeke’s idea applied at scale in places where it’s needed. So I hope that the new owner of the house we sold in Keene will be successful with this method, that D’Arcy Norman and others will too, and that communities will figure out how to make it happen at scale.

3D Elastic Storage, part 3: Five stars to U-Pack!

It’s been a busy month. We sold our house in Keene, NH, drove across the country, and rented a house in Santa Rosa, CA. A move like that entails plenty of physical, emotional, and financial stress. The last thing you need is trouble with a fraudulent mover which, sadly, is so common that needs to exist. Luann spent a lot of time exploring the site and Jeff Walker, its founder, wrote her a couple of really helpful and supportive emails. When we realized that a full-service move wasn’t feasible in our case, Jeff agreed that ABF U-Pack — the do-it-yourself company I’d identified as our only viable option — was a good choice.

I’ve chronicled our experience with U-Pack before and during the move. Now that it’s done, I’m wildly positive about the service. Every aspect of it has been thoughtfully and intelligently designed.

The non-standard size and shape of U-Pack’s ReloCube is, at first, surprising. It’s 6’3″ x 7′ x 8’4″, and the long dimension is the height. As Marc Levinson’s The Box wonderfully explains, standardization of shipping containers created the original Internet of Things: a packet-switched network of 20′ and 40′ boxes. Those shapes don’t meet U-Pack’s requirements for granular storage, transport on flatbed trailers, and delivery to curbside parking spaces. But while the ReloCube’s dimensions are non-standard, the ReloCube system provides the key benefits of a packet-switched network: variable capacity, store-and-forward delivery. In our case, we’ve now taken delivery of the two cubes that held our household stuff. The two that hold Luann’s studio remain in storage until we figure out where that stuff will land. Smaller containers enable that crucial flexibility.

Smaller containers are also easier to load. Here’s a picture of a ReloCube interior:

All the surfaces are nicely smooth. And there are plenty of slots for hooking in straps. But I wound up using very few straps because I was able to pack the cubes tightly. It’s easier to do that in a smaller space.

I also like how the doors shut flush against the edge of the cube:

When you lever the doors shut on a tightly-packed container they compress and help stabilize the load. That wouldn’t be a significant factor with an 8x8x16 PODS container but with the smaller ReloCube it can be.

On the receiving end, I wondered how the cubes would be positioned. You’d want them snug to the curb, but then how could the doors open toward the house? The video linked to this picture documents the elegant solution:

The forklift driver placed the cube’s edge on top of the curb. Not shown in the video is the final tap with the forklift that aligned the cube perfectly. These folks really pay attention to details!

I can’t say enough good things about our U-Pack experience. No conventional service offered the flexibility we needed so none was an option, but we did solicit estimates early on and they were astronomical: three to four times the $6300 we paid U-Pack to move four containers across the country and make them available to us on demand. (We’ll also now pay $100 per-month per-container for the two studio containers until we retrieve them.) There was very little paperwork involved. Every U-Pack employee I talked to was friendly and helpful. So I’m giving the service a five-star rating.

For me the experience was an echo of a time, fifty years ago, when our family moved from suburban Philadelphia to New Delhi. Here are some pictures of the “sea trunk” that was delivered, by bullock cart, to 102 Jorbagh.

Now the delivery vehicle is a flatbed trailer:

But the resemblance between our New Delhi sea trunk and our ReloCubes is, I think, not coincidental.

Actually the sea trunk trumped the ReloCube in one way. When it was delivered back home my dad arranged to keep it, and he turned it into a playhouse in the backyard:

3D Elastic Storage, part 2

Our U-Pack containers arrived on Thursday, August 21. We loaded them Friday through Monday, they departed on Wednesday, August 27. If your loading phase crosses a weekend you get 5 days to load. That’s enough time to consolidate and reconsolidate as you fill the cubes, and to make final decisions about what to take or toss as you go along.

I’ve always enjoyed the challenge of packing things into containers. It’s kind of like building a stone wall. You wind up with oddly-shaped spaces to fill, and you look for oddly-shaped things that will fill them.

In our case we had more odd shapes than normal. Luann collects, among other things, antique wooden boxes that she uses to frame her sculptures and jewelry. On the first iteration I nested them into one another and consolidated them into standard 6 cu ft boxes. The advantage of standard-size boxes is that you can pack them tightly into a container. But if there’s a lot of air inside those boxes you lose many precious cubic feet.

So we unbundled the boxes and began using them, instead of standard small (1.5 cu ft) or medium (3 cu ft) cardboard boxes, for all the loose stuff that wasn’t packed tightly in the drawers of Luann’s various cabinets of wonders. As we filled the wooden boxes we wrapped them with mover’s wrap. That stuff was incredibly useful! It comes in 20″ by 1000′ rolls, it’s cheap, and it’s wonderfully designed for the purpose. The plastic doesn’t shrink-wrap but it’s tough and sticks to itself. We must have wrapped more than a hundred boxes. As a bonus you can see into the boxes so there’s less need to label the contents.

Packing boxes of different sizes and shapes is like a game of Tetris, but in 3D and with irregular shapes. You pack as tightly as you can, but there will be gaps. Fortunately Luann’s studio offered another useful resource: collections of yarn and fabric. These were originally packed in plastic totes. But totes aren’t space-efficient so we tossed them, redistributed the contents into plastic bags of various shapes and sizes, and evacuated as much air from the bags as we could. The result was a supply of packing material to fill spaces and cushion the load. For the studio containers, in particular, we wound up using very few cardboard boxes. An unanticipated benefit of the wooden boxes: structural support. When you’re stacking into an 8-foot-high space cardboard boxes tend to crush, wooden ones don’t.

In the end we used all four of the containers I’d reserved. Containers #1 and #2 are now storing Luann’s studio, #3 and #4 are storing our household stuff. If we’d been really brutal about excluding furniture we could have used only three and returned the fourth unused at no charge. I liked the idea of starting from scratch with nothing but a table and the bed we bought last year. But it the end a sofa, some chairs, and a few other items came along for the ride.

The household containers held no surprises for U-Pack. But the studio containers, especially #1, raised an eyebrow. There are some heavy items in that load. So heavy that I wound up hiring Dave Gillerlain and his team at Affordable Movers to help me load containers #1 and #2. What weighs so much? Among other things, African trade beads. Luann’s been collecting them for a long time, and she put Keene on the map of places that traders visit. A couple of times a year, Ibrahim Kabba would show up in his van and stage a bead show in our house. The van always rode low, and Kabba wore a back brace to carry in his wares. A cabinet packed full of those beads is a surprisingly dense and heavy object.

Here’s container #1 nearly full:

I’d wanted Dave to distribute the heaviest cabinets between containers #1 and #2, but things went quickly and by the time we got to this point I realized #1 was going to be a beast to lift. A useful refinement for U-Pack would be to embed a scale in each container. That feedback would have helped us balance the studio load between #1 and #2.

We’d left the house by Wednesday morning when the truck showed up to fetch the containers. But I dropped by for a final check, just in time for the pickup. It was the same portly middle-aged guy who had delivered the empties. One person can do the job, but that person is heavily augmented with some serious exoskeletons. This time, I was relieved to see, the forklift was much beefier than the one that had unloaded the empties. Still, I was worried about #1. Sure enough, he’d gotten #2, #3, #4 loaded, had struggled with #1, and was about to reposition the forklift for a second try. “What’s in that one?” I explained as best I could, and asked if it’d be OK. “Yep, just need to come at it from another angle.” He was cheerful, like every U-Pack person I’ve talked to, but despite his optimism I couldn’t bear to watch and drove away. Nobody called from U-Pack, and an hour later the truck and all four cubes were gone.

We left Keene a week after the closing, on September 3, drove across the country visiting friends and family along the way, arrived in Santa Rosa on the evening of the 13th, and rented our new home yesterday, the 15th. It’ll be another week before we can move in, but it’s worth the wait. The place we’ve rented has enough space to unload everything and create a basic working studio for Luann. So we’ll be able to retrieve all four containers and end all the storage charges. But that’s an unexpectedly good outcome. This is the North Bay, space is at a premium, and the rental market is tight as a drum. We were prepared to rent a small apartment, retrieve only the two household containers, then later rent a separate studio and retrieve the two studio containers. Shipping a load to two unknown destinations, for retrieval on two unknown dates, with pay-as-you-use storage for each part of the load, was a tricky set of requirements. U-Pack has designed a really smart system that can, perhaps uniquely, meet those requirements.

Not the link Zillow was looking for

In For sale by owner I talked about the online tools that helped us sell our house. I gave Zillow high marks. Even though our buyers didn’t find us on Zillow — in the end, it was a good old-fashioned drive-by — the service was useful for the reasons I mentioned. But now I’m going to have to subtract some points.

A few days ago I received this email, misleadingly titled Zillow inquiry:

Hi Jon,

I work for Zillow, the online real estate network. When looking for groups that have cited our brand, I came across your great blog post discussing your marketing strategy when selling you (sic) home and noticed you mentioned Zillow.

Would you consider linking the word ‘Zillow’ in the third paragraph within the text as a resource to your users? Here’s the URL to the Zillow City Page

We really appreciate your coverage and thank you for considering the link on your page. Feel free to use me as a point of contact here if you need any data or content in the future, and if nothing else, I’m just glad to have had the chance to connect!

If this is not the correct contact would you please forward it to someone that can be of any assistance, thanks.



I’m withholding the name because the guy was just doing his job. But shame on Zillow for making that his job. It got worse. A few days later:

Hey Jon,

Just wanted to follow up to see if you can help with adding the link. Let me know, thanks!



Where to start? First, this is my blog. I choose whether to link the word ‘Zillow’ in paragraph 3, and if so, where to point that link. And now, because you had the gall to tell me how to do that, and then bug me about it, I’m going to point here.

Second, people who need a link to Zillow in order to find Zillow, if such people exist, are not your customers.

Third, consider who you’re dealing with. Zillow’s users are by definition going through a seriously stressful phase of life. We are likely to be emotionally and physically exhausted by the process of buying and/or selling a home, and by preparing to move. We wake up in the middle of the night obsessing about our checklists. You presume to add to our lists? Disrespectful. Bad form. Don’t.

3D Elastic Storage

If all goes according to plan we’ll close the sale of our house on August 27th and begin meandering across the country, visiting friends and relatives enroute to Santa Rosa. We’ve thrown all the cards up into the air. When we arrive we’ll look for an apartment in which to live for a year while we scope out the region. And we’ll look for a studio for Luann. Conventional movers aren’t set up for what we need to do: ship to storage, then retrieve from storage to several locations at different times. We got a few estimates just to see, they were astronomical, a PODS-style solution was clearly in order.

I spoke to a PODS representative who was so rude that I immediately began checking out the competition. United/Mayflower offers the kind of service we need, but they only use one container size, 8′ x 8′ x 16′. One wouldn’t be enough, two would be overkill. Also they don’t ship to Santa Rosa, so that was the end of that. I did appreciate their comparison between PODS and United/Mayflower containers. Both are nominally 8 x 8 x 16 but they’re right about those interior beams. As I learned when helping friends load a PODS container, they really get in the way.

Next I talked to U-Pack and, unless the response to this blog post reveals an alternative I haven’t considered, we’re going with them. Their elastic storage service had me at hello. Like United/Mayflower they only offer one size of container. But their “ReloCubes” are smaller: 6’3L” x 7’W x 8’4″H. I like that for a couple of reasons. It gives us more flexibility to divide the load into separate deliveries. And I think the smaller containers will be easier to pack well.

How many will we need? There’s no penalty for overestimating, but these are big boxes and we don’t want more in our driveway than necessary. So I want to measure the volume of our load as well as I can. There’s an online estimator but it’s geared toward a conventional household. In our case, more than half the load is Luann’s studio and it’s, well, take the tour and see for yourself. It’s more than an artist’s workspace, it’s really a museum of wonders. When she opens the studio to visitors people spend hours wandering around opening drawers and looking at collections of beads, rubber stamps, fabric, yarn, antique boxes, old tools, globes, maps, dolls. We can’t take everything but these collections are central to what Luann does and we need to recreate them as best we can.

The most generic feature of the U-Pack estimator is the Boxes section. You can enter a number for each of the four standard sizes: small (1.5 cubic feet), medium (3), large (4.5), and extra large (6). I picked up a few of each at Home Depot, assembled them, and begin using them as cubic measuring sticks.

A stack of printer’s type trays = 1 small

Six antique drawers = 1 medium

A lot of stuff like this will just get wrapped and taped. It doesn’t need to be in a box, we just need to know how many box-equivalents of space it’ll consume.

Three vintage suitcases = 1 medium

Luann has a whole collection of vintage suitcases. Now that I’ve accounted for their volume, we can fill ‘em up.

ProPanels = 2 extra large

These boxes hold the ProPanels that form the walls of Luann’s booth at shows.

Booth floor = 1.5 extra large

These interlock to form the floor of her booth. Now that we’ve accounted for the volume, we can use them in various configurations to fill space as we pack.

Two shipping boxes = 2 extra large

These were used when she traveled to shows in Philadelphia and Baltimore. They’re perfect for shipping her collection of, wait for it, beaver-chewed sticks.

Box of antlers = 1 extra large

Admit it, this is cool.

I like this method so much that I’m now using it to estimate the household part of the move. It’s far less complex because we’re taking very little. The stuff in the studio is unique and special. The stuff in the house, for the most part, isn’t. We like funky second-hand sofas and chairs, but it doesn’t make sense to transport bulky items like that so we’re unloading most of them and Luann can enjoy reacquiring on the other end.

The U-Pack estimator lists all kinds of household items but in a generic way. How many cubic feet does your bed or chair or small dresser really occupy? I’m measuring in terms of box equivalents. Tonight I’ll compile the data, tomorrow I’ll call up U-Pack to reserve containers, when they arrive we’ll find out how well my method worked.

For sale by owner

Barring the unforeseen we’ll close the sale of our house on August 27. When we sold our first house 14 years ago we used a realtor. This time around we used the web. Here were the three pillars of our online marketing strategy:

A website. I made it with WordPress and packed it with lots of information. In addition to photos, I included floor plans (made by an architect who considered buying the house for himself), an article about our European wood boiler, a page about the historic flag that belongs to our house, and a page about the neighborhood.

Zillow. It’s a great marketing tool, but also a great research tool. I was able to compare our listing to other listings, then tweak ours to differentiate it in the best possible ways. And when I wondered, for example, how significant a factor our barn might be, I was able to search Zillow to find out. Of 150 homes for sale in Keene, only 5 included the word “barn” in their descriptions.

Facebook. We’re moving from a big house to an apartment, so a lot of stuff has to go. Luann organized a series of in-home sales for which she staged the living room, the dining room, and an upstairs bedroom. She artfully arranged and decorated these rooms and put a price tag on everything in them. Facebook was the bast way to advertise these sales. And of course everyone who came got a tour of the house.

The in-house sales began in the spring. On June 25 we listed on Zillow. On July 26 we got an offer that we wound up accepting. There are too many variables in this equation to draw sweeping conclusions. And too few data points: we’ve only owned two homes. But for me the biggest difference between a realtor sale and an owner sale is that realtors don’t want you around for showings. This now seems crazy to me. We love our home, we’re proud to show it, you can’t outsource that love and pride.

The ebb and flow of curbside free stuff

We’re selling our house and unloading a ton of stuff. After many yard sales and many Craigslist postings, there’s still plenty to get rid of. In our town there’s a strong tradition of curbside giveaway. You just put stuff out on the treelawn and it vanishes. This animated GIF documents that process over a period of three days. (You can click it to enlarge the view.)

The kickboxing bag only lasted a few minutes. The kitty litter bins took a few days but eventually they went too. Fun!